The role of environmental education in the formation of environmental culture

April 03, 2013, автор tim0

KAUPENBAYEVA S.
PhD candidate at the al-Farabi Kazakh National University
(Almaty, Kazakhstan)

Kaupenbayeva2Today, we all understand that without the consumption of natural resources, well-being of our civilization is impossible. And it’s time to think about the fact that the consumption of such huge dimensions of natural resources will lead to the depletion of mineral resources of our planet. At present, the overall environment remains tense, and environmental issues are one of the most important problems of mankind. In connection with this problem of «cultural» perception of nature comes to the fore.
To implement the goals, we need ecological education and environmental education, which will promote a high level of ecological culture and spirituality of the people.
The development of scientific and technical progress has led people to violate their faces in the critical attitude of society to nature, when this ratio worsens, and eventually may completely destroy the natural conditions, without which human life is impossible. In the history of human civilization, a period when society has to understand and clearly correlate their activities with those of nature [1].

Ecological culture – a relatively new problem that is acute due to the fact that mankind has come very close to the global environmental crisis. We all see that many areas due to human activities, have been contaminated, affecting the health and the quality of the population. We can say straight out that as a result of human activities surrounding nature was a direct threat to the destruction. Because of the unreasonable attitude to it and its resources, because of a misunderstanding of their place in the universe and of humanity threatens to degradation and extinction [2].

Environmental education – is a continuous learning process, aimed at acquiring systematic knowledge about the environment, and skills of environmental activities, the formation of a common environmental culture. Environmental education also encompasses the cognitive and parenting components, as we should talk about the education of environmentally responsible and creative personality, her active citizenship. Therefore, environmental education is seen as a process of assimilation is not only environmental awareness but also the formation of attitudes and moral position of the individual [3].

Preservation of natural conditions suitable for human life, require him to a holistic world view of reality, initiation to the spiritual and moral and ethical patterns of life in the environment. This requires the will of the individual self and society, aiming at a radical restructuring of the environmental outlook of people re-evaluates the values of moral and spiritual activities.

The education system should provide a gradual introduction into practice of teaching moral values of ecological consciousness. The integrity of environmental education should be recognized in all the parameters of the learning process – the subject of knowledge, training materials, forms and methods of knowledge delivery and organization of the educational environment, which is closely related to the social and natural environment [4].

Practical implementation of a continuous nature provides environmental education, from pre-school years and older completing the years, the greening of the educational process, and the implementation of interdisciplinary connections and uses various forms of education with an emphasis on practical activities of students. It should be borne in mind that the idea of nature moral conformity in education and education for pedagogy are not something new, they cut across all the progressive, humanist pedagogical theory, respectively; environmental issues were seen as the underlying connection, dependence, patterns of interaction, as the unity Man and Nature [5].

Technology of formation of ecological culture designed to implement a comprehensive approach to education of the individual, which is in the process of formation of the environmental responsibility of the person through the development of his awareness of the unique value of the natural environment. They have become a kind of tool to develop new forms of social activity that minimize environmental risk and ensure the safety of reproductive life.

In this regard, even in pre-school educational institutions need to focus on the prerequisites for the formation of conscious attitudes of children to nature, to develop simple practical skills, as well as the development of environmental awareness, ecological culture of adults with children of preschool age.

In secondary institutions need to develop a curriculum that includes educational process specific environmental subjects, to prepare a program on the ecology of divergent, tutorials, and integrated courses, such as the «Environment and people», «Environment and Mother Earth», «Fundamentals Ecology», «Nature and Culture».
In the educational institutions of primary and secondary vocational education to enter the profession and the profession of environmental profile, a specialized educational institutions that train specialists in the field of industrial and agricultural ecology, develop and implement environmental component with holding professional education specific to the specialty and the profession as a «Security Environment and natural resources», «Air protection in enterprises», «Monitoring of air pollution», «Monitoring of pollution of natural waters», «Monitoring of soil pollution».

The basic principles of environmental education are
• Complexity and multidisciplinary approach;
• Systematic and continuous study of the environmental material;
• A combination of education with the release of the scope of practice;
• The relationship of global, regional and national dimensions;
• Age-appropriate people.
Environmental education should be carried out from early childhood. The main institutions of the environmental education of the individual include:
• The family;
• Pre-schools;
• School;
• Primary and secondary vocational school;
• Institutions of higher education;
• The media [6].

In the process of formation of ecological culture is particularly important during the training in high school. For whatever activities or preparing for an expert, it must have environmental ethics and culture. And if the transfer of knowledge and skills – a task of specialists, the formation of attitudes toward nature, goals and motivations interact with it, a willingness to choose ecologically sound business strategy – the task of all teachers.
Therefore, the greening of education is seen as an important trend in modern educational systems. It provides for the implementation of the principles of continuity, of integrity, interdisciplinary and problematic. It is in the walls of the university students are attached to the research work to find creative solutions to problems in environment. Teaching and research activities of students of all components ensures the formation of ecological culture. Consequently, one of the pedagogical conditions that promote ecological awareness of students will encourage interdisciplinary research projects with an environmental focus, as well as activities for the presentation of environmental work.

Undoubtedly, further improving the environmental condition of teaching of students is to create a culture of environmental protection is rising on campus. It is educational environment has a major impact on individual behavior, the manifestation of not only internal but also external environmental culture.
Ecologies educational environment is a prerequisite and a means of forming environmentally friendly personality. Another condition for the formation of ecological culture of the students is to increase the ecological awareness of teachers, suggesting, first of all, the development of skills and abilities ecologies teaching. The high ecological culture in the near future should be an important criterion for qualifying teachers of high school [7].
Thus, we found that at the present stage of development of human society, the formation of ecological culture is very important and significant priority for the institution of environmental education. Forming an environmental culture, we are laying a strong foundation for a full and comprehensive development of society.

REFERENCES
1. Багин Д.В. Формирование экологической культуры технической интеллигенции//Интеллигенция в процессе поиска Россией будущего: Материалы международной научной конференции, Улан-Удэ, 26-27 июня 2003 г.: В 3 ч. Улан-Удэ: Издательство Бурятского госуниверситета, 2003.- Ч. I. С. 225.
2. Культурология в вопросах и ответах // под ред. Драча Г.Ц. Р-на-Д.: Феникс 1997. С. 185.
3. Багин Д.В. Формирование экологической культуры технической интеллигенции//Интеллигенция в процессе поиска Россией будущего: Материалы международной научной конференции, Улан-Удэ, 26-27 июня 2003 г.: В 3 ч. Улан-Удэ: Издательство Бурятского госуниверситета, 2003.- Ч. I. С. 231.
4. Бодиева Н.Ф., Бодиев А.Б. Экологическая культура личности как основа практической природосберегающей деятельности современного общества//Энергосберегающие и природоохранные технологии (встреча на Байкале): Материалы II международной научно-практической конференции, г. Улан-Удэ, 20 – 25 августа 2003 г. – Улан-Удэ: Изд-во Восточно-Сибирского государственного технологического университета, 2003.
5. Горелов А.А. Социальная экология. – М.; Московский лицей, 2005.
6. Банников А.Г. Основы экологии и охрана окружающей среды; М., 1999 г. С. 125.
7. Асафова Е.В. Воспитание экологической культуры студентов//http://www.ksu.ru/infres/nikolaev/2001/gl2_3_2.htm (дата обращения: 08.01.08).

Резюме

В данной статье анализируется роль экологического образования в формировании экологической культуры.

Түйін

Аталған мақалада экологиялық мәдениетті қалыптастырудағы экологиялық білім берудің рөлі сарапталынады.

  • Kaupenbayeva2
Pedagogy

Leave a Reply